Blueberry plants can be propagated in several ways, including:
1. Softwood cuttings
Take a cutting from new growth on the blueberry plant in early summer, before the wood has hardened. The cutting should be about 4 to 6 inches long. Remove the lower leaves and dip the bottom in rooting hormone. Place the cutting in a pot filled with moist, well-draining soil mix. Keep the pot in a warm, bright location and keep the soil moist. Roots should form within a few weeks.
2. Hardwood cuttings
Take cuttings from mature blueberry plants in the late winter or early spring. Cut a 1-2 foot long stem that is at least 1/4 inch in diameter. Remove the leaves from the lower half of the stem, leaving only the topmost leaves. Dip the cut end in rooting hormone and stick it into a pot with moist soil mix. Keep the pot in a cool, shaded location and keep the soil moist. Roots should form within a few months.
Take a low-growing, flexible branch from a mature blueberry plant and bend it so that the tip touches the ground. Cover the tip of the branch with soil and keep it moist. The branch will begin to form roots at the point where it touches the ground. After a few weeks, cut the branch off from the main plant and transplant it into a new location.
Divide a mature blueberry plant by cutting it into several smaller pieces. Dig up the plant and cut it into smaller pieces, making sure that each piece has at least one healthy stem. Replant each division in a new location and water thoroughly.
Keep in mind that blueberry plants may not produce fruit until they are 3 to 4 years old.
Dr. Sarah Smith is a blueberry expert and author of BlueberryExpert.com. She has been growing and studying blueberries for over 20 years. Her research has focused on the different varieties, growing techniques, and nutritional content of blueberries. She is passionate about helping people to grow their own healthy blueberries and has been a leader in the industry for many years.